Barley - Call (785) 754-2151 For Pricing, Varieties And Availability
Winter Barley production is making a ‘come-back’ in the Central and Southern Plains of the USA for the following reasons:
– Low production costs that give higher profit potentials. e.g., very little pest control and 10-15% less fertilizer and water than for even wheat.
– New variety yield potential equals that of grain sorghum.
– New varieties are as winter hardy as winter wheat.
– New varieties have lodging resistance.
– Winter barley gives the most and best fall gazing for cattle (up to 400 + calves/irrigated acre–October through December)
– High livestock grain feeding value (2% higher protein and lysine than either corn or milo).
– Early grain harvest makes double-cropping feasible in many areas.
– Barley straw equals prairie hay, nutritionally, for livestock.
– Barley straw is being used an organic algae control agent.
– Barley is more drought resistance than even wheat.
– Adding barley into crop rotations helps control crop diseases/pests that are costly to control in monoculture situations.
– Human nutrition research is discovering barley consumption advantages, e.g.. barley lowers cholesterol more than oats.
NEW WINTER BARLEY VARIETIES:
Click here to see our Seed Test Plot PDF
P-919 is beardless, and the best we know for fall grazing and forage production. It’s potential for grain production is also good in spite of it’s test weight being less than some varieties. It topped our grain trials in 2003. Winter hardiness is between Tambar 501 & Weskan. P-919 can grow tall but still has slightly better than average lodging resistance. Too much fertilizer and/or water can cause lodging. P-919 was released by the University of Nebraska in 2005. Seed is produced and marketed exclusively by Paramount Seed Farms and our Dealer and Associate Network.
P-713 is a University of Nebraska variety, released in 2003. It has less grazing potential than either P-919 or Tambar 501, but it has more lodging resistance and grain yield potential. Disease resistance is similar to P-954. Winter hardiness is good. Seed is marketed exclusively by Paramount Seed Farms and our Dealer and Associate Network.
P-954 is a short variety with strong straw and excellent drought resistance. It is our highest test weight barley that yields very well. P-954 makes prostrate growth in the fall, so it is not recommended for grazing. Disease resistance is adequate, but barley yellow dwarf can cause a problem. Seed is grown and marketed exclusively by Paramount Seed Farms and our Dealer and Associate Network.
Pennbar 66 was developed by Pennsylvania State University. Pennbar 66 had been our highest grain yielding barley, topping 117 bpa (dry land) in our 2009 Test Plot. We’ve had irrigated Pennbar 66 top 170 bpa in the Texas Panhandle area. Pennbar 66 has less grazing then Tambar 501 or P-919 (beardless). Pennbar 66 has a very good disease package, and tend to start dropping beards as it ripens. Seed is marketed exclusively by Paramount Seed Farms and our Dealer and Associate Network.
Tambar 501 is a Texas A & M Experiment Station release. Tambar 501 has excellent fall grazing potential and high grain yields. Winter hardiness would equal P-954. Forage production is much higher than it is for either Post or Tambar 500. Tambar 501 normally stands very well, but it can lodge under high fertility and moisture conditions. When drought stressed; Tambar 501 beards cling to the grain. Seed is marketed exclusively by Paramount and our Dealer and Associate Network.
Barley vs. Wheat
– More pasture/grazing in Fall than from wheat.
– Barley ripens 7-10 days earlier than wheat, making double cropping back to beans, milo, flowers, or forage sorghum more feasible.
– Barley is resistant to Karnal Bunt.
– Barley requires 10-15% less fertilizer and water.
Barley vs. Milo
– Cash production costs for barley may be 40% less than for milo.
– Barley makes better use of early spring rains.
– Barley harvest is in June instead of October, helping both early cash flow and livestock feed needs. This also helps to facilitate crop rotation.
– Barley has better feed value — 2% higher protein and lysine.
– Barley should sell at a higher price than milo.
Barley vs. Corn
– Variable production costs are much less for barley–up to 45% less!
– Barley does not need summer rains. Spring rains are enough.
– A June harvest with barley can help cash flow and feed ration needs. It also helps to facilitate crop rotations.
– Barley has 2% higher protein and lysine than corn.
– Some feedlots and dairies will pay corn price, or more, for barley.
Barley vs. Rye or Triticale
– Some barley varieties (like P-919) will produce equal or more forage production in the fall. Cattle often like barley better.
– Volunteer barley seed or plants will NEVER CONTAMINATE machinery or infest your fields!
There IS a market for your barley even though most country elevators in the Central and Southern Plains do not have facilities to handle barley. On-farm grain storage is very helpful in marketing barley. The current barley markets, now, include:
– Your own livestock
– A neighbor, or Livestock Feed Lots
– Large dairy, beef, or hog operations
– Pet food manufactures
– Barley Grain Brokers
HOW TO PRICE BARLEY GRAIN:
– Pricing of winter barley has ranged from “below milo” to “above corn.” It should never sell for less than milo, however, because of barley’s higher protein and lysine levels.
– A nickel under corn, per cwt, will make money for both parties.
– Clean, heavy test weight barley should bring a premium.
– Potential barley users must have a reliable supply, and barley producers must have a reliable market.
– Establishing contracts between producers and users could be highly beneficial for all involved. Paramount is dedicated to the development of such!